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Natural Tick Repellents and Easy Tick Control Tips

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TICKS – Everything you will read about avoiding or repelling ticks will have the word DEET in it. From the CDC to the EPA, they all recommend using DEET to protect yourself and those you love from blood-sucking ticks. Instead, I'd like to discuss Natural Tick Repellents, tick control, and tips to avoid getting bit. We also include recipes for tick repellents for humans and dogs made with essential oils, and how to remove a tick safely.

Natural tick repellent

Why I Don't Use DEET

In attempt to remove toxic chemicals from our lives, I always look for an organic approach and alternatives to conventional methods. Even though DEET is commonly recommended, that doesn’t mean it is safe for my family. It is up to us to make informed and educated decisions and decide whether or not we trust their advertising.

DEET is short for N,N-diethyl-m-toluamide (also known as N,N-diethyl-3-methylbenzamide). It is a member of the toluene chemical family. Toluene is an organic solvent used in rubber and plastic cements and paint removers. DEET is absorbed through the skin and passes into the blood.

The Medical Sciences Bulletin, published by Pharmaceutical Information Associates Ltd. reports, “Up to 56% of DEET applied topically penetrates intact human skin and 17% is absorbed into the bloodstream.” Blood concentrations of about 3 mg per liter have been reported several hours after DEET repellent was applied to skin in the prescribed fashion. DEET is also absorbed by the gut.

The most serious concerns about DEET are its effects on the central nervous system. Dr. Mohammed Abou-Donia of Duke University studied lab animals' performance of neuro-behavioral tasks requiring muscle coordination. He found that lab animals exposed to the equivalent of average human doses of DEET performed far worse than untreated animals. Abou-Donia also found that combined exposure to DEET and permethrin, a mosquito spray ingredient, can lead to motor deficits and learning and memory dysfunction.

See “The Hazards of DEET” for more information.

Alternatives to DEET

So if you don’t use DEET, what do you use?

Well, I have a safe, natural tick repellent alternative that is just as effective as DEET – continue reading to find out what it is!

Before we explore natural ways to repel and avoid ticks, we need to learn more about them, as follows:

  • Tick behavior
  • Diseases spread by ticks
  • What ticks look like

What are Ticks?

Ticks are small, blood-sucking arachnids (eight legged bugs related to spiders). They can range in size from as small as a pin’s head to as large as a pencil eraser. The different kinds of ticks can range in color from shades of brown to reddish brown and black.

As they take in more blood, ticks become larger and larger. At their biggest, ticks can be about the size of a marble. After a tick has been feeding on its host for several days or weeks, they become engorged and can turn a greenish blue color. When done feeding, they usually fall off  to breed, lay eggs and start the cycle again.

Types of Ticks

There are many different types of ticks, but only the Blacklegged Ticks (Deer Ticks) carry the bacterium that causes Lyme disease. According to the CDC, Lone Star Ticks, American Dog Ticks, the Rocky Mountain Wood Tick, and the Dog Tick do not transmit the Lyme disease.

Tick Borne Diseases

Aside from Lyme disease, other tickborne diseases are: Southern Tick-Associated Rash Illness (STARI), Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever (RMSF), Ehrlichiosis, Babesiosis, Anaplasmosis, Tularemia and now Powassan Virus.

Although tickborne diseases can have mild symptoms that may be treated at home, some symptoms can be severe (even cause death) and require hospitalization. If you have been bit by a tick, please seek the advice of a medical professional immediately. See Tick Bites: Symptoms and Treatments for more information.

How Do Ticks Get on You?

You may have seen images with ticks standing on a blade of grass with their front legs outstretched, waiting to hitch a ride on their next victim. The article How Ticks Get On You explains what's going on:

In 1881, scientist G. Haller published the first description of these structures, although he misunderstood their purpose. Haller believed the structures were auditory sensors, when in fact they proved to be olfactory sensors. That means, when a tick sits on a blade of grass with its front legs extended, it is effectively sniffing the air for your scent.

What’s remarkable, however, is just how well the tick can smell prey and sense even the slightest movement. Using its Haller’s organs, a tick can detect the carbon dioxide you exhale with each breath and the ammonia in your sweat. Even the most well-groomed hiker can’t avoid detection by the Haller’s organs because they can also sense changes in temperature as you approach.

Ticks have an incredible sense of smell and can detect you coming, some even seek you out. The way that herbs work at repelling mosquitoes, spiders, ticks and other biting insects is that they provide you with sensory camouflage. They mask your natural scent and odors that the biting species find attractive.

Tick Repelling Herbs – Which Herbs Keep Ticks Away?

Many of the same herbs that repel mosquitoes and spiders also repel ticks.

Tick repelling herbs include:

  • Rose Geranium (Pelargonium capitatumx raden)
  • Sweetgrass – New research finds that sweetgrass, a meadow grass native to northern climates, contains chemicals that work as well as DEET in fending off the blood-sucking insects. 
  • Pennyroyal
  • Rosemary
  • Rue
  • Wormwood
  • Lavender
  • Lemongrass
  • Citronella
  • Eucalyptus

Planting any of the above herbs, as well as Beauty Berry Bush and Mountain Mint, will act as a natural tick repellent for your yard.

tick on blade of grass with text "natural tick repellents"

Natural Tick Repellents

Now more than ever it is important to explore all of the constituents, properties, and applications for herbs because bacteria, parasites, viruses, and pathogens have become resistant to the current chemical and medical protocols. In many cases doctors and scientist have no plan B. They are working diligently at finding alternatives but time is running out. We need to arm ourselves with an herbal warfare apothecary against these invaders to protect us when all else fails (or be our first course of action).

The article Ticks:  Natural Prevention and Care warns about the need for new plant based tick controls:

A team of scien­tists from the Scottish Agricultural College believes that the long term outlook for insect and parasite control may not be so rosy. Project leader Dr. Jos Houdijk states that it is now time to look for alternatives to the veterinary drugs which farmers in industrialized countries have come to rely on.

“When these drugs were introduced in the west in the 1960s we thought they would solve all our problems but we couldn’t have been more wrong. Nowadays the parasites are becoming resistant and the consumer is becoming more aware about having products that have a minimum use of drugs. Alternative medi­cines are coming into fashion again.

The long term solution to tick -borne disease prevention lies in the power of plants and herbs. These plant-based treatments, along with some knowledge of ticks and tick-borne diseases may be your best bet at staying healthy in the ensuing summer months.

The top two natural tick repellents listed in this post (Rose Geranium and Sweetgrass) are two of these plant-based treatments.

See: Mosquito-repelling chemicals identified in traditional sweetgrass and Bioactivity-guided investigation of geranium essential oils as natural tick repellents for more on studies demonstrating their effectiveness.

Which Essential Oils Keep Ticks Away?

Any combination of the above herbs will work at repelling ticks, but the best essential oils for keeping ticks away are Rose Geranium and Sweetgrass. You can use whatever essential oils you have on hand from the list above, but make sure you use Rose Geranium and Sweetgrass as your primary tick repellent essential oils.

tick repellent in blue spray bottle

Natural Tick Repellent Recipe

This is a safe, natural tick repellent for humans made with essential oils. A simpler tick repellent for dogs is listed below.

Ingredients

Directions for Use

Add all of the ingredients into the spray bottle and spray on clothes before going outside. Shake before using. 

Note: While you can use water, the other options are better for keeping the oils in solution. Regular tap water may contain contaminants, so distilled water is preferred.

Tick Protection from the Inside Out

There are many herbs you can use to repel ticks externally, but you may also be able to make yourself less appealing as a tick meal from the inside out by:

chicken for tick control

Natural Tick Control for Your Yard

Animals, insects and even fungi play an important role at keeping nature in balance. It is our job to help implement these natural alternatives when we see an infestation or an issue for concern, to protect the health of our family.

Some amazing species that can provide your family, homestead or farm with natural tick-controlling benefits are:

  • Guinea Fowl – Guinea Fowl have been used to help reduce tick population and unlike chickens, they don’t damage the garden.
  • Chickens – Our protein-loving feathered friends are huge fans of consuming ticks and any other insect they can scratch for.
  • Ducks – Chickens, ducks, turkeys and guinea fowl are not only entertaining and beautiful, but they can supply fresh eggs daily, and offer effective bug and slug control
  • Opossum – Opossums can kill about 5,000 ticks in one season.
  • Fire Ants – Fire Ants can clear a field of ticks (and most other creatures) quite effectively.We finally found a benefit to having fire ants!
  • Nematodes and Fungi – Several kinds of parasitic nematodes and fungi infect ticks and can cause their demise. These have been investigated as potential means to reduce risk of ticks and tick-borne infections.
Pantyhose helps keep ticks from biting

Tips to Avoid Getting Bit by Ticks

The first defense to avoid getting bit by ticks is to know where ticks like to live. Ticks like to live in tall grasses and wooded areas with a moist and humid environment. Limiting your exposure to this type of environment will also limit your tick exposure.

To avoid getting bitten, use the following tips:

  • Wear panty hose under pants
  • Don’t walk in high grassy areas
  • Keep your grass cut
  • Don’t sit on logs – If you sit on a log for only five minutes in a tick infested area, you have a 30% chance of getting a tick on you.
  • Wear hats when walking in the woods and tight (not loose) braids, pony tails or buns
  • Wear clothing that covers the skin and has elastic on the wrist and ankles, with boots or shoes tightened at the ankles
  • Tuck your pants into your socks
  • Always walk in the center of trails when taking nature walks
  • Shower within two hours of coming indoors
  • Inspect your clothes and body, especially: Under the arms, around the ears, inside the belly button, back of knees and in your hair.

Safe Tick Removal

If you notice a tick on your skin or in your hair it is important you know how to remove it safely to get the entire bug and avoid tick borne illness.

Here are the current recommendations for how to remove a tick safely from the CDC. Image and text courtesy of Tick Removal: How to Remove a Tick at cdc.gov.

  1. Use fine-tipped tweezers to grasp the tick as close to the skin's surface as possible.
  2. Pull upward with steady, even pressure. Don't twist or jerk the tick; this can cause the mouth-parts to break off and remain in the skin. If this happens, remove the mouth-parts with tweezers. If you are unable to remove the mouth easily with clean tweezers, leave it alone and let the skin heal.
  3. After removing the tick, thoroughly clean the bite area and your hands with rubbing alcohol, an iodine scrub, or soap and water.
  4. Dispose of a live tick by using one of the following methods:
    • submersing it in alcohol
    • placing it in a sealed bag/container
    • wrapping it tightly in tape
    • flushing it down the toilet
    • burning

Never crush a tick with your fingers.

Avoid folklore remedies such as “painting” the tick with nail polish or petroleum jelly, or using heat to make the tick detach from the skin. Your goal is to remove the tick as quickly as possible–not waiting for it to detach.

If you develop a rash or fever within several weeks of removing a tick, see your doctor. Be sure to tell the doctor about your recent tick bite, when the bite occurred, and where you most likely acquired the tick.

Safe Tick Removal

Note: The longer the tick stays attached, the more opportunity there is for disease transmission.

Natural Tick Repellents for Dogs

Dogs seem to be the biggest domesticated victim of ticks, due to their proximity to the ground and their desire to roam the great outdoors. Although dogs can fall prey to tickborne disease, they can also bring ticks into the home, which can then bite your family members.

To make a safe tick repellent for dogs, combine:

  • About 20 drops of Rose Geranium essential oil
  • two tablespoons carrier oil, such as almond oil

(You can use vegetable oil, but almond oil contains sulfur, which is also a natural tick repellent.)

Mix these ingredients together and place a few drops on the dog or dog's collar.

Note: Pennyroyal essential oil may be used in place of rose geranium oil, but it is toxic to dogs at high doses. It should not be used on dogs with kidney disease, and should only be applied to the dog's collar, not directly on the dog.

These tick repellent oils are not meant to be used with cats or pregnant animals.

wood tick on a blade of grass
Amber Bradshaw

This post is by Amber Bradshaw of My Homestead Life.

Amber and her family moved from their tiny homestead by the ocean in South Carolina to forty-six acres in the Smoky Mountains in East Tennessee.

They cook without electricity, collect water from the creek and raise chickens, goats, pigs, turkeys, bees, and guineas.

They filmed their journey for a TV show called Building Off The Grid: The Smokey Mountain Homestead.

Originally published in 2016, updated in 2018.

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86 Comments

    1. Tick tubes may help reduce tick numbers in a yard or controlled area. (On amazon they note that one box treats up to 1/2 acre.) Because the primary focus of the tubes is killing ticks on mice in the treated area by providing the mice with treated nesting material, other wildlife such as deer may still act as carriers for the ticks. That said, the reviews on amazon look good overall and they seem promising for reducing the tick population in a controlled area.

      1. Those tubes are full of pesticides which are harmful to beneficial insects in your yard and garden.

        1. The tick tubes do contain pesticides, but contact with beneficial insects should be minimal, since the goal is to get the contents of the tubes into rodent nests. I’m not endorsing the tubes per se, but they are certainly better than wide scale spraying that kills everything.

          1. Tick tubes contain permethrin which is lethal to many bugs including our pollinators and bugs that pollinators eat which makes it lethal to them as well. Resource: article in https:/organicdailypost.com/make-tick-tubes

  1. Laurie, thank you for the church chicken recipe and the recipes for the tick spray. I did order from Mountain rose some oil for the tick spray. You also might want to check these suppliers out: Bulk Apothecary, and VitaCost.
    I’m so sickened and shocked by the PETA article, that I’m at a loss for words!
    I can’t believe how cruel and awful they are! I’ll have nightmares for ever!
    God bless those poor animals!

  2. Where would you find organic wheatgrass essence oil ? Mountain Rose herbs does not sell it.

  3. I didn’t realize that there was a statistic done that showed that DEET negatively impacts motor skills and learning and memory dysfunctions. I personally don’t like to use any kind of spray because I don’t like feeling greasy afterward. I’ll have to talk to my wife about using things like sweetgrass to repel ticks and other insects this summer.

  4. I am considering using tick tubes this year but am a bit concerned as the chemicals used will killhoney bees. any suggestion about proper placement to avoid killing bees, but still getting the ticks?

    1. Keep tubes under trees or bushes, where rodents are likely to shelter but honey bees are less likely to visit. Some native bees (like bumblebees) do burrow, so there is always some risk or affecting pollinators.

    2. See my reply above about the use of permethrim which is a toxic chemical to many beneficial bugs and dangerous for humans to handle as well. As someone who has a large pollinator sanctuary property (5 acres) I will not use chemicals to help with pest control. I also have multiple chemical sensitivities and Lyme disease.

  5. Thank you for this interesting article. I’ve just recently moved to a country property where I walk my dogs daily. It was paradise until last week when the tick infestation began, and now it’s a bit of a nightmare! Been doing lots of research on natural remedies and am grateful for your advice. However, it seems important to add that the bottle you mix your essential oils in should be made of glass, as these oils cause chemicals to leach out of the plastic and into the oils. Now, where to find a glass spray bottle…..?

  6. Thanks for your article! I was wondering what age(s) the natural tick repellent can be used for? I have a 2 year old and a 9month old, if not suitable do you recommend something else?
    Thank you!

    1. According to Using Essential Oils Safely “We suggest no essential oils on or around babies before the age of 6 months, due to their thinner skin and immature immune systems”.
      Personally, I would just use lightly on the clothes, avoiding skin contact and the shirt around their face.
      Watching for any signs of a reaction, redness or rash. If any signs of reaction occur, remove clothes immediately, wash skin and contact their doctor.

  7. I have been reading on how to protect my family and dog from ticks. Cedar Oil has been mentioned a lot, but did not see in your article. Thought on use of Cedar Oil?

    1. I have read that some dedar oils can be toxic to pets UNLESS it it Texas Cedarwood. Things like red cedar or others should not be used on pets. Same with tea tree oil (unless seriously diluted). Just because it is okay for us to safely use, not all things are okay for pets. The brand of Texas Cedarwood I found was Auracacia brand.

    2. I started using cedar oil and peppermint. Its working great so far. I spray the mix on my dogs collar and my clothing and I have yet to have a tick on either of us!!

  8. Great article! Just wanted to note that since this was posted, the Borrelia bacteria have been found in many more bugs than just deer ticks…even mosquitoes!

      1. Also birds, fleas, mice and other rodents like squirrels, spiders, mosquitoes.
        ALWAYS SHOWER after being outside.
        Lyme Disease is horrible…please protect you and yours.

  9. I’ve had some luck putting a small amount of apple cider vinegar in my dogs water bowl during tick season. They don’t mind the flavor of it at all either. I also add brewers yeast to their food, not sure if it’s helping with the ticks too, but they really enjoy it. Thank you so much for sharing this article, I have some pennyroyal around and will plant a lot more now that I know it deters them.

  10. DEET makes my skin burn as if I had sprayed myself with acid. I find rubbing fresh catnip leaves on my skin repels mosquitoes and other biting insects. I also whiz fresh catnip in liquefied (warmed) coconut oil or olive oil in the blender, let it set in a jar for up to a week, filter it, then rub or spritz the herbal oil on exposed skin. Coconut oil helps prevent sunburn, too, so this is a double blessing. This year, I will try adding other recommended fragrant herbs to the mix.

  11. The tick repellant recipe says to spray on clothes. Is there any reason not to spray on the skin as the summer temps climb and we wear less clothing? Certainly if a person has a sensitivity to any of the ingredients, but do any of the other oils have potential side effects or concerns?

    1. The reason for the suggestion is to avoid any skin irritation issues as a precautionary measure. Personally, I spray directly on my skin but I would not give that advice out to others.
      From the research I have done, there are no known reactions or side effects.
      I also try to wear clothes from top to bottom, regardless of the weather, if I am in a tick infested area.

  12. Thanks for the recipe on natural repellents. I was wondering how many times a day would I have to spray my grandsons clothes. He goes to camp all day, so will the repellents last all day?

    1. Unfortunately, the answer to this question is not a one size fits all.
      As you see from the article, there are many variables that come into play. Blood type, sugar intake, sweating and more.
      I am one of those people who can attract biting insects when no one else around me is getting bit so I tend to have to reapply often. MY husband is opposite and applies once and is good to go.
      I would send him with the spray bottle and show him how to properly spray his clothes if he is old enough or give it to the camp leader.

  13. Thank you for that useful information, Laurie. I love the smell of rose geranium oil, but just the smell of it gives me a terrible headache. Would it be as effective for me to double up on the sweetgrass and leave the geranium out?

  14. Hi Laurie,

    Is the natural tick repellant recipe you recommend safe to use on kids? I have a 21 month old son who loves to be outside and I would like to use a natural form of repellant on him.

    Thank you!
    Aaron

    1. Aaron, I would not use Essential Oils on babies or pregnant women.
      However, I would use the whole herb recipe provided in this article.
      Children under two are still developing their immune systems and prone to chemical reactions.
      If you do use oils, make sure they are diluted in a carrier oil, alcohol, witch hazel, or water, and use on their clothes away from their face.
      It is always a good idea, regardless of age, to apply to a test area like the back of the wrist to check for reactions.

        1. Hello Kim,
          The answer to ‘how long do the oils on the skin last’ is a harder question to answer then in the bottle because of all the variables.
          People sweat differently, have different skin types, blood types (blood types play a role in attraction to biting insects), what clothing your wearing and so on.
          My husband and smallest daughter only have to apply the spray once when they are outside for the day.
          My son and I have to apply every couple of hours because we attract biting insects more.
          I have included an excerpt from a great article below. Also included in the original article is the shelf life per oil.
          Personally, I have used my spray bottles for two years or more without issue. I keep them in a dark glass bottle and out of the sun.
          I hope this helps and please let me know if you have further questions.

          “In general, shelf life is determined by the chemical composition of the essential oils, some of which oxidize or evaporate more quickly than others.

          Essential oils which contain a lot of monoterpenes or oxides have the shortest shelf life, of approximately 1-2 years.

          Essential oils which contain a lot of phenols may last up to 3 years.

          Essential oils which contain ketones, monoterpenols, and/or esters have a shelf life of 4-5 years.

          The potentially longest-lasting essential oils contain lots of sesquiterpenes and sesquiterpenols which can last up to 6 years.”
          http://www.usingeossafely.com/shelf-life-of-essential-oils-and-how-to-make-them-last-longer/

  15. Is rose geranium oil different from plain geranium oil as far as repellant effectiveness?

    1. The two are interchangeable:
      Geranium essential oil and Rose Geranium essential oil both come from P. graveolens –
      they are just from different varieties; the full botanical name of “Rose” Geranium is
      Pelargonium graveolens var. Roseum while “regular” Geranium is just known as
      Pelargonium graveolens They have almost exactly the same properties and actions
      although many people prefer the fragrance of rose geranium.”

      Ref: http://naturalingredient.org/wp/wp-content/uploads/DATA-SHEET-GERANIUM.pdf

      In addition, you can exchange one of the mentioned herbs (oils) for another depending on what you have on hand.

      Hope this helps, please let me know if you have any further questions.

      1. Thank you for the thorough response! I do have another question since you say other oils can be exchanged for something I have on hand. Is there another choice for sweetgrass specific to ticks? I have read that eucalyptus citradora is better than DEET, but that was specific to mosquitos. Maybe also for ticks?

        1. We do have another article specifically for ticks here https://commonsensehome.com/natural-tick-repellents.

          The premise of using many essential oils is they mask your scent and some oils (herbs) actually repel insects because they simply don’t like the scent.
          So it’s not detrimental to the recipe to omit or exchange one.
          Sweet Grass oil has a very strong floral scent, I believe this is why it is effective. But other oils can work just as well.

  16. Hi there,
    What’s the criteria to purchasing sweetgrass oil? The comments to the product you linked to are not too favorable. Any other vendors? How do I know what to look for -pure Sweetgrass oil or a blend/carrier oil?
    Thanks.

    1. Hey there Max,
      Thanks for inquiring. I purchased my sweetgrass oil from Amazon by Essential Trading Post. I have no intention of using this oil medicinally, only topically, so I didn’t give the reviews a lot of consideration.
      Here in the south, sweetgrass basket weaving is a part of our heritage, however, sweetgrass harvesting here is illegal. I have diligently looked for sweetgrass oil locally because it is so prevalent but I couldn’t find it. I did talk to some local basket-weavers and they all said they never get bit by bugs when working with sweetgrass.
      I was happy with the quality and scent of the one I purchased. As with any oil, you can get a good one or a bad one.
      Sweetgrass oil has a very strong floral scent and does an amazing job at masking your scent so mosquitoes can’t find you.

  17. sure miss our chickens they really helped keep the ticks down.
    the prime month for ticks is July in our area.
    & remember the ticks about the size of a sesame seed are the dangerous ones & even at that they must attach & be in the skin for 12 -24 hours .
    Don’t panic ( Like I do 🙂 ) just deal with them calmly , lol

    1. The general premise is the same no matter where you are – camouflage your odor with strong scents – so it should help. I would inquire with locals if there is a specific tick deterrent that they find more effective.

    1. The site you linked describes a study where the oil was placed undiluted directly on the dog’s skin. Of course that’s going to cause problems. We never advocate the use of essential oils on the skin without a carrier oil, on people or pets.

    2. Hi Jodi and thanks for your concern about using the pennyroyal on dogs. The studies with pennyroyal and dogs were based on using the oil directly on the dog’s skin and there was only one reported case in the 1990’s. No further study has been done. I would never place any oil neat on the skin, dog, human or otherwise.

      In addition, the recipe I gave suggest a couple of drops on their collar. Since dogs can not lick their collar and a couple of drops are mixed with a carrier oil, I personally trust this recipe for my own dogs.

      That said, you can always use the first suggested oil or even cedar oil- mixed with a carrier oil of course.

      And as a reminder for other readers, essential oils should never be used with cats.

  18. Thank you so much for the information! My question is what can and cant I use on my pregnant dog for ticks, and why?
    Thank you so very much!
    Donna

    1. Amber says if you mix up the tick repellent for dogs, skip the pennyroyal and just use the rose geranium. She says they also put essential oils in the the cleaning water when they mop the floors to make the ticks less welcome if they get in the house.

  19. To add to the common sense, I am not sure that wrapping the tick in a bag, taping it and flushing it down the toilet is the right thing to do… It seems a little overkill, it’s not good for your plumbing OR for the environment…
    Tape is plastic, and I am assuming you mean a plastic bag… plastic kills aquatic wildlife, and it would be just as simple to wrap it in the bag, tape it and throwing it in the garbage. Or just stick it onto tape by itself, wrap some tape around the tape, and throw that in the garbage. Anyhow, thank you so much for sharing all this good info!

    1. The article notes:

      Dispose of a live tick by submersing it in alcohol, placing it in a sealed bag/container, wrapping it tightly in tape, or flushing it down the toilet. Never crush a tick with your fingers.

      The intention is that you choose one of these methods, not all of them. You can put in alcohol – or a sealed container – or in tape – or flush it. I will see if I can make that a little more clear.

  20. What about cats? I never see articles on cats and what can be used on them. I’m planning on taking mine out for walks. She used to be an outside cat and I believe she’d like to get back out. But I know they are way more sensitive.

    1. As strange as it may sound, catnip may be the answer. The nepetalactone in the plant has been tested and found to repel a wide range of pests. You can either rub her down with crushed fresh leaves, or make a strong infusion (extra strong tea) with fresh or dried leaves and wipe her down with that. She’d likely have some reaction to it for about 10 minutes, if she’s one of the cats that react, but then that would wear off and she’d be back to her normal self.

      You can read more about catnip at Catnip – Uses for People and Cats – Weekly Weeder #19.

  21. Hi, I also heard that Tea Tree oil works as a repellent. Is that true? I hate the scent but prefer it to DEET and we are avid hikers so need it.
    Thanks

    1. Tea tree oil is commonly used in pest repellent blends. Like most deterrents, some work better in some areas and not so well in others. It’s fairly inexpensive and readily available, which are points in its favor. I feel blends have better odds, but strong scents in general are helpful, and tea tree certainly has a strong scent.

  22. Pennyroyal is toxic to dogs. It causes hepatic necrosis or liver failure, and consequently death.

    1. Yes, you are correct. Pennyroyal is toxic to dogs in high doses. That is why amber recommends mixing it with a carrier oil and putting only a few drops of the mixed oil on a collar, not on the dog itself. I will see what I can do to make this more clear in the post.

  23. Hi- my son and roommate went hiking a we’re covered in seed ticks. Now their dorm room has seed ticks. Do you know what they can do to get rid of them in their room? Thanks!

    1. About all I can say is clean everything as well as possible. Wash clothes and linens, vacuum carpets, check themselves regularly for any ticks. You can try the repellent sprays and treatments to keep them out of areas or off your body, but once they are in, they need to be removed.

      1. Hello, I’m curious to know if you have ever looked into using food grade diatomaceous earth to rid ticks and fleas from living quarters and pets as well?

  24. Over the past two years we learned that a family member has the Alpha-gal Syndrome from a tick bite. They were suddenly having body aches and joint issues as well as digestive tract issues and loss of weight. It wasn’t until Christmas of 2019 when we were at a large family gathering had some prime rib (something we don’t cook normally) and a few hours later they went into anaphylaxis shock and were rushed to the hospital. Because it was about 4 hours after eating we had no idea what brought it on but the ER doctor recommended a visit with an allergist. It was a few weeks later that the allergist told them they had Alpha-gal and would not be able to consume any mammalian products; dairy of any kind, meats such as beef, pork, lamb, goat, rabbit, deer, etc. (fins and feathers were ok), whey and gelatin. I cannot tell you just how many products contain whey or gelatin either, including your medications! As a family we have always cooked from scratch about 75% of the time but now have to cook everything to be sure there is no cross contamination. We have only found one or two restaurants we could even consider going to out of safety.
    We were told there was a possibility they could outgrow it in a few years but after the 6 months and 1 year mark of testing, it’s only gotten worse. Definitely changes how we homestead and the plans we had for our new land.

    1. Wow – I’m glad your ER doc thought to direct you to an allergist. I hope they do grow out of it, as I can imagine the challenges involved with adapting cooking and homesteading plans. Severe food allergies are no joke, and make a daily impact on your life.

      I’ve seen mention of Alpha-gal Syndrome in online discussions, but I can’t recall any protocols or techniques people were using effectively to speed up the healing process. If I come across anything I will post it here.

  25. Wow! what a goldmine of useful bug-away information!
    One of the routines we adopted years ago to repel mosquitoes is to eat a medium sized clove of raw garlic daily. Crush to activate crucial enzymes, wait 15 seconds, chop and add to a salad or a hot dish that has cooled to tongue temperature. or if you can take it, chomp it down solo.
    The enzymes break sown under cooking temperatures.
    I was told that this will increase our level of thiamine, or B-1, which will repel mosquitoes.
    Seems to work on ticks, too.
    We don’t notice detectable garlic odor after the meal is over.
    If I eat cooked garlic, but miss my clove of raw garlic with the meal, well that could be a problem if you don’t like garlic odor!
    Regarding Sweetgrass essential oil, there appears to be some confusion regarding the source of its unique scent Stillpoint Aromatics states that it is possible to extract the characteristic scent of Sweetgrass in a hydrosol. Hydrosols can contain a quanta of essential oils and other scent carrying substances depending on what plant is distilled. In the case of Sweetgrass, steam distillation does not extract the scent in the form of an essential oil. At least, this was so as of 2020 when the article they list was last updated. There is Sweetgrass scented Sweetgrass perfume oil, but that would not contain Sweetgrass essential oil. I tend to avoid perfume oils because the can contain toxic chemical components that are extracted with solvents like benzene. My source: https://www.stillpointaromatics.com/sweet-grass-organic-hydrosol?v=2

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