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23 Common Sense Ways to Stretch Your Food Budget

There are a lot of different ways to save money on food, and we may have to get creative and use all of them in the years ahead. We’ll share common sense ways to stretch your food budget with smarter shopping, creative sourcing, and thriftier food use.

stretch your food budget with bulk produce

It's hard to step foot into a grocery store and not notice the rising food prices. Packages are getting smaller, too, as I'm sure you've noticed if you use any older recipes that include any sort of boxed or canned item as a component.

The USDA Food Price Outlook for 2022 is grim, as supply chain issues, bad weather, rising fuel costs, and other factors hammer food costs.

23 Common Sense Ways to Stretch Your Food Budget

There is no magic bullet or one size fits all plan, but there are several strategies you can use to make food dollars go farther. I'm breaking the ideas into three main groups – grocery shopping, alternatives to the grocery store, and making better use of food.

Meal plans can be a great way to save money on groceries, but be ready to adjust your plan if needed to take advantage of unexpected sales.

Stretching Your Grocery Budget

1. Before you head out shopping, make up a grocery list to reduce impulse buying. Don't go shopping hungry if you can avoid it. Check your refrigerator and pantry, and make up at least a rough menu plan using what you have on hand with what you purchase.

2. Watch for sales and discounts on seasonal produce. In our area, market gardeners set up roadside stands, and we have some great farmers markets.

3. Use coupons only if they are items you really use. Don't buy a more expensive item “just because you have a coupon” and not end up saving at all.

4. Watch store flyers for loss leaders and stock up on items that last a long time. Compare prices between stores is a good idea, but be mindful of high gas prices. Don't spend more running between stores than you save on groceries.

5. When appropriate, buy store brands. Quality may vary, but as you try different items you'll find those that work for you.

6. Watch for discounted day old bread and baked goods. Sometimes stores will mark down other items, such as meat, that are close to their expiration date.

discounted meat

7. Choose cheaper cuts of meat, and alternative protein sources such as peanut butter or beans. Whole chickens are usually cheaper than chicken parts, or boneless skinless chicken.

8. Watch for “must sell” fruits and vegetables near the end of their shelf life. I have purchased many bags of brown bananas over the years. Slip the skins off and freeze them, and they're great for smoothies or banana bread.

discounted bananas

9. Buy fewer processed items and more raw ingredients. Example – whole carrots will likely be a better deal than baby carrots. A bag of potatoes provides more nutrition for the money than a bag of potato chips.

10. Buy block cheese and grate it at home. Block cheese is almost always cheaper then shredded cheese, and it keeps better and tastes better, too.

block cheese

Don't Forget Food Storage

With inflation rates continuing to climb, it makes sense to buy non-perishable food items at today's prices to save money later.

11. Buy in bulk, and repack at home for serving or storage. Family and bulk sizes almost always cost less than single serving containers.

See “Best Non Perishable Foods (For Home Use or Donations)” and “Long Shelf Life Foods – What Lasts Best” for more information.

12. Look for ethnic markets to get great pricing on certain foods. Our local Asian markets have great bulk rice prices.

Stretch Your Food Budget Using Other Food Sources

13. Grow some of your own food. I've said it once and I'll keep saying it – if you can, plant a garden. We have LOTS of gardening articles on the site you help you get started, including:

14. Join a CSA or buy directly from local growers. If you really don't have time to garden or you have a black thumb, you can support people who do.

With a CSA arrangement, yYou pay up front so the farmer has money to cover expenses, and your price is locked in for the season. Some CSAs will offer a discount in exchange for help on the farm, or offer excess crops at a discount to CSA members.

When buying directly from local farmers, you can cut out the middle man. You can sometimes buy “seconds”, fruit or veggies with minor blemished that are still fine for eating and preserving. We packed our home freeze dryer with apple seconds from a local orchard last fall.

15. Forage for wild edibles and unharvested surplus. There are many edible wild plants, and often folks with fruit trees will have more fruit than they can use. In our area, we sometimes have an opportunity to glean beets or carrots from fields after the harvesters have gone through.

Ask around your community, and look around on walks or when driving around. These foods are free for the picking (but always ask permission before gleaning).

You can learn more about edible wild plants on our Herbs and Wildcrafting page.

Reduce Food Waste

16. Make sure you're using as much of everything you grow and purchase as you possibly can.  A great deal is not a great deal if food goes to waste. Avoiding food waste is a great way to stretch your food budget.

17. Plan meals that stretch leftovers into a whole new meal. For instance, have roast chicken one day, and then turn the leftovers into meals such as:

Dice up leftover beef roast, sauté onions and mushrooms, add beef broth and thickening, and you have beef tips and gravy. Serve it over rice, mashed potatoes, or noodles.

chicken broth

18, Save bones and vegetable scraps to make stock. If you don't have enough to cook up a batch right away, keep a small container in the freezer to collect them until you have enough.

19. Batch cook and freeze meals for busy days. You can do batch prepping, where you prep ingredients so they are ready to go into a slow cooker, or fully prepared meals ready to heat and eat.

Batch cooking makes it easier to use up fresh produce so it doesn't spoil. You can use the whole onion or whole head of cabbage instead of leaving half to roll around in the refrigerator.

20. Stretch your food budget by pairing meat with less expensive pantry items. Pair meat with pantry staples like rice and noodles, or spaghetti squash and cabbage.

My friend, Victoria, shares tips for stretching ground beef with:

  • Carrots
  • Celery
  • Cabbage
  • Mushrooms
  • Oats (cooked or uncooked)
  • Cooked Rice
  • Breadcrumbs
  • Lentils
  • Cooked Beans (any type)
  • Eggs (1 per pound of meat)

See her article “How to Stretch Ground Beef” for step by step instructions.

Eat Frugally Away from Home, Too

21. Pack lunches and/or snacks. It's almost always cheaper to do the cooking at home than to buy food at a restaurant or convenience store.

22. If you decide to eat out, drink water and skip dessert. Drinks and desserts tend to come with hefty price tags, especially mixed drinks and specialty desserts. Sticking to the basics and weekly specials will stretch your food budget.

23. Watch for money saving promotions. Keep an eye out for coupon specials, senior discounts, kids eat free, and any other promotional offers that fit your family.

More Budget Friendly Ideas

If you're ready to save some money and be more prepared, check out these articles:

Leave a comment and share your tips for saving money on food and other staples.

23 Common Sense Ways to Stretch Your Food Budget

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11 Comments

  1. Gasp! I did not know brown rice goes rancid! I’ve stocked up and vacuum sealed it. The bags I’ve opened from 2-3 years ago are still all right, so I’m thinking vacuum sealing is fine. Do you know? I’ve not read anything about this at all till this post, so any additional info would be great! Thanks for all your info, time, and encouragement for us!!

    1. Rancidity is caused by oxidation – literally oxygen in contact with the food causing a chemical reaction with the fats still left in the brown rice kernel. Anything you can do to eliminate that oxygen from the equation will extend the shelf life. I keep my brown rice in the freezer (heat also speeds up oxidation). While standard recommendations only give brown rice a shelf life of six months, with vacuum sealing and storage in a cool, dry, dark location, it will likely last much longer. The article “Storage Life of Dried Foods” talks about brown rice stored vacuum sealed with oxygen absorbers still being good after 10 years.

  2. sorry but this blog misses a very impt. reason why food prices rise…SPECULATION. Yep, Wall St. bets on the prices going up and down. ” Matt Taibbi Reveals the Cause of High Food Prices: Financial Speculation
    I first became aware of what was really causing prices to rise when I read Matt Taibbi’s article on Goldman Sachs, The Great American Bubble Machine.

    For this topic one needs to take special note of the section BUBBLE #4 – $4 A GALLON. Here Taibbi argues that following the collapse of the American mortgage bubble in 2007 a lot of the money that would have been invested in mortgages had to go elsewhere. They went into commodities.

    In conjunction with a decline in the dollar, the credit crunch and the housing crash caused a “flight to commodities.” Oil futures in particular skyrocketed, as the price of a single barrel went from around $60 in the middle of 2007 to a high of $147 in the summer of 2008.

    Taibbi argues that the price rises were caused because banks such as Goldman Sachs and others

    persuad[ed] pension funds and other large institutional investors to invest in oil futures – agreeing to buy oil at a certain price on a fixed date. The push transformed oil from a physical commodity, rigidly subject to supply and demand, into something to bet on, like a stock. Between 2003 and 2008, the amount of speculative money in commodities grew from $13 billion to $317 billion, an increase of 2,300 percent. By 2008, a barrel of oil was traded 27 times, on average, before it was actually delivered and consumed.

    As Taibbi details elsewhere in the article back in 1991 a Goldman Sachs subsidiary called J. Aron was able to gain an exemption from a 1936 law that allowed it to trade in commodities.

    This article was the first thing that properly introduced me to the real reason for the commodities price rises of 2008.

  3. Thanks Laurie for the great list of tips. I am frequently surprised at some of my family and friends that will struggle with food bills, but continue to buy the high priced food. Prime rib and steak, Starbucks coffee, higher priced canned meats and vegetables, deli foods. These times call for a scale back of the high priced stuff but some feel they can’t live, or shop, without that stuff.
    Another tip would be to look for the Depression era or World War 2 era cookbooks that use simple ingredients and lower priced food. I have my grandmother’s 100 year old “Ladies Grange” cookbook from Pennsylvania and it’s a treasure!

    1. Thanks, Deb. I agree, it’s tough for some folks to make the connection and make the lifestyle changes, but I think more will need to do it in the days ahead. I’d love to see a modern cookbook that focuses on seasonal and pantry cooking for northern regions, but I may end up having to write it myself.

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