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How to Homebrew Kombucha – Save Money and Enjoy a Healthy Drink

Kombucha lineup

My First Homebrew Kombucha

Making homebrew kombucha is easy, once you have a kombucha culture, also known as a scoby (Symbiotic Colony of Bacteria and Yeast). My first scoby came from another homeschool mom in my natural foods co-op. Before I started brewing, I re-read the info I had on kombucha from Wild Fermentation and Nourishing Traditions. I paid my friend a quick visit, and brought home two new scobys safely packaged in a covered pyrex container. And then – my scoby sat in the fridge. (Which, BTW, is not the best thing for a scoby. Store them at room temperature with enough liquid to cover. A large mason jar works quite well.)

I was excited about the concept, but the original brew I smelled reminded me of a combination of old socks and vinegar. This made me a little nervous. I had a heck of a time tracking down an appropriate container to brew in – very few things come packaged in glass anymore, and I really didn't need a gallon of olives. Finally, I found some nice gallon containers at Walmart. They had a lid that I didn't need, but the ridge around the top was handy for holding the rubber band in place that kept the cloth covering the brew in place.

No more excuses – old sock smell or not, it was time to take the plunge. I used the recipe from Wild Fermentation, shown below. I make three quarts at once and ferment them in a gallon container. If you don't have a neighbor with a scoby, I recommend fresh cultures from Kombucha Kamp.

Order Fresh Live Kombucha and Water Kefir Cultures and Brewing Equipment
Bottles drying

Homebrew Kombucha instructions

Kombucha Brewing Timeframe

About 7-10 days

Ingredients (for 1 quart/1liter)

1 quart/1liter water
1/4 cup/60 milliliters sugar
1 tablespoon/15 milliliters loose black tea or 2 teabags
1/2 cup/125 milliliters mature acidic kombucha
Kombucha mother (SCOBY)


  1. Mix water and sugar and bring to a boil in a small cooking pot.
  2. Turn off the heat;  add tea, cover, and steep about 15 minutes.
  3. Strain the tea into a glass container. It's best to use something wide; kombucha needs adequate surface area and works best if the diameter of the container is greater than the depth of the liquid. Allow the tea to cool to body temperature.
  4. Add the mature acidic kombucha. When you obtain a culture, store it in this liquid. Save a portion of the subsequent batches for this purpose.
  5. Place the kombucha mother in the liquid, with the firm opaque side up.
  6. Cover with a cloth and store in a warm spot, ideally 75- to 85F (21 to 29 C).
  7. After a few days to 1 week, depending on the temperature, you will notice a skin forming on the surface of the kombucha. Taste the liquid. It will probably still be sweet. The longer it sits, the more acidic it will become.
  8. Once it reaches the acidity you like, start a new batch and store you mature kombucha in the refrigerator. you now have two mothers, the original one you started with, and the new one. use either the new or the old mother in your new batch, and pass the other one on to a friend (or the compost). Each generation will give birth to a new mother, and the old mother will thicken.

How do you know when the kombucha is done?

I followed the instructions, and low and behold a week and half later I was staring at the brew in the top photo. Floaty thing – check. Acidic – check. Drinkable – check. Tart, with a slight vinegar taste, but no old socks. Still, I like the fancy flavored brews in the store, so I decided to experiment a bit.

I fished out the scoby.

Kombucha SCOBY

This thing really does look a little gross, like a rubbery piece of old, mysteriously white meat, of maybe blubber. The blob in the bowl is the original, the new growth is in my hand – fat and healthy.

Straining chunks – I wasn't ready to face those yet.

Strained kombucha

Into the bottles.

Bottling kombucha

Flavoring the Kombucha

I flavor the kombucha after the initial brewing, when I remove the scoby and put the kombucha into bottles. You can use flavored teas for brewing, but not those that contain essential oils (like Earl Grey). They may damage your scoby. With this batch I tried 1/4 cup apple cider per bottle in two bottles, one with some blueberries, and one with some raspberries. I didn't measure the berries, I simply loaded them in until they covered the bottom of the bottle.

Leave bottles on the counter for a couple days to produce more bubbles, refrigerate for a sweeter brew.

In addition to the above flavors, I've also tried straight blueberry juice, grape juice, honey and ginger (about a tablespoon of each per bottle), and Ghirardelli Double Chocolate Hot Cocoa mix. So far I think my favorite is the blueberries, but all are tasty. It's fun to munch on the bubbling fruit at the bottom of the bottle.

The chocolate was a hoot. I got a little nervous because the powder formed an obstruction at the top of the bottle and didn't appear to blend in well. When I finally popped it open (after almost a two week ferment), the carbonation had built up so much (because of the high sugar content) that it blew the foamy chocolate snake right out of the top of the bottle. So much for the bottle getting blocked. Most of the sugar was gone by this point, so the flavor was more like straight, strangely effervescent unsweetened cocoa, but it was still pleasant, and highly entertaining. I think the ginger could use more ginger, but I'm not sure how much. Suggestions are welcome, along with suggestions for other flavors.

Kombucha scoby in gallon jar

Why Drink Kombucha?

So why the heck am I bothering with all of this? Sure it tastes good, but it's also good for you. From Kombucha Cultures:

The intestinal microflora is carefully balanced. The human gut is home to around 400 different species of good and bad bugs. However, the good bugs have to share their environment with bad bugs such as Salmonella, E.Coli and Clostridium. The way to balance between good and bad bacteria is to maintain good digestive health, creating stable “microflora”. It is generally recommended that probiotics are taken on a daily basis to create this balance.
Prescription medicines, stress, sickness and especially antibiotics can all disrupt the bacterial balance because as well as killing off the bad bacteria they allso kill off the good bacteria. So you need to restore balance. Probiotics need to be taken regularly to maintain levels of good bacteria. Lactobacillus or lactic acid bacteria is a faciltative bacteria, named as such because most of its members convert lactose and other simple sugars to lactic acid. They are present in the gastrointestinal tract and the vagina. The production of lactic acid makes their environment acidic which inhibits the growth of some harmful bacteria. Large populations lactic acid-producing bacteria regulate the levels of friendly bacteria and reduce the levels of toxic pathogens which cause ill health. Resulting in Kombucha being one of the best skin treatments for acne and an arthritis health drink.
Even though the beverage is acidic, it does not cause any acidic condition in the stomach; it facilitates and noticeably promotes the digestion. The “yeasts” found in the Kombucha are of a beneficial kind. Organic Kombucha Tea is considered by some as a delicious ‘Cancer Foods' or as a natural alternative ‘herbal nutrition supplement'.
By altering the pH of the large intestine to a slightly more acidic level, putrefactive bacteria (those bad for your health and causing foul wind production) tend to be inhibited or destroyed. There is no kombucha danger, It will cause no harm to have even ingested Kombucha mushroom. The pH is altered by active good bacteria producing high levels of lactic acid. The presence of this and other acids inhibit the growth of undesirable bacteria, molds, mold spores and yeast, particularly the Candida form.

Originally published in 2009, updated in 2017.

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  1. My favorites to add to the second fermentation are raisins, dried cranberries, dried cherries. They are cheaper than organic fruit juices and easy. A couple of tablespoons in each bottle. I like the taste of water kefir but it is more labor intensive than the kombucha, which I also like. I work a full time job, am raising a teenage grandson, do all the stuff you do to keep a home. Almost daily attendance to water kefir gets put off. Sometimes for weeks at a time. I also used the beets in my garden to make kvass. I got worried about drinking all that salt. It tasted very salty. And I began to feel it was not good for me. What are your thoughts? I tried making it half salt and half whey but it has a off taste. I bought some our Saturday market and it didn’t taste salty at all.

  2. Can kombucha be made using the mother from Apple cider vinegar instead of buying a Kombucha Scoby ?
    I made a batch a few weeks ago using a mother from my homemade vinegar ,while it tastes fine ,I don’t know if it has the health benefits of Kombucha .

    1. You’re fermenting something, but I’m pretty sure it’s not kombucha. I would also guess that it has some health benefits, I’m just not sure exactly how they might differ from kombucha.

  3. There is a water crock shop online (I think that is the name if it) for the water bottles to dispense from. They have a very convenient plastic spout. You can get the silicone lids to fit on top from amazon for $12. Make a gallon of tea now and then after I take out a half gallon (the crock holds 2.5 gallon and I have been doing a continuous brew for 3 years). The bottles in the cabinet make their own SCOBYs with no help, no air, no sugar. You can grind up SCOBYs and make a paste to put on cuts. Some people dehydrate their SCOBYs and feed them as dog treats.
    One chick in design school used her bathtub to make a giant SCOBY as the new one takes on whatever shape is at the top of the container. Then she dried it and used it to design an outfit! Pretty sure you cannot wear that in the rain. But it is some neat substance in that mushroom.

    My fave flavor was 2nd fermented with cinnamon sticks. Cardamom is good too.Strawberry seemed to make is super fizzy! I save glass bottles from Jones soda and such to refill.
    If you do not keep it sealed the gnats will have a field day. You will get a SCOBY with vinegar worms. Compost that and clean vessel w hot water. Start over.
    I let SCOBY’s stack up at the top of the water crock and they look like a stack of plate sized pancakes ( or giant amoebas). You can cut a tiny bit of SCOBY and add some soured brew to cook up a new batch. Typically one would bottle it up before it got to the overly sour vinegar stage.