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Natural Cleaners – How to Make Your Own Cleaning Products

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Our recipes for natural cleaners can do more than clean, they can also save you a lot of money. They are easy to make and effective. If you can cook or follow a simple recipe, you can make your own natural cleaners.

natural cleaners

Why Choose Natural Cleaners?

Any household cleaner should do two things:

  • One – clean the mess. 
  • Two – kill bacteria and germs. 

I'd like to add a third thing, but it’s not necessarily a requirement. I also like it when things smell clean and fresh.

Cleaners should not cause breathing issues and asthma attacks, skin or eye irritations, damage brain function with neurotoxins, poison children, or contaminate our water and soil. Too many grocery store bought cleaners are filled with toxic ingredients.

Your cleaners shouldn’t be making you and the planet sick in order to have a clean house. There’s a better way to clean and I’ll share how easy it is.

Natural Cleaner Ingredients

The best part about making your own natural cleaners is many of us already have most of the ingredients on hand, so there is little need to buy special equipment or supplies. These ingredients are biodegradable and don't contain petrochemicals or harmful toxins. 

Shopping List

  • White vinegar
  • Castile Soap (We love Dr Bronner’s)
  • Dish Soap (eco friendly)
  • Salt
  • Tea Tree Oil
  • Spray Bottle 
  • Microfiber Cloths
  • Baking Soda
  • Essential Oils
  • Lemon Juice
lemons, spray bottle, scrubbers

What the Ingredients Do

It’s one thing for me to give you a recipe and say ‘use this to clean this’ but it’s another thing to know the reason behind it. 

I’ve found over the years that the ‘reason’ behind why I make everything from scratch is that it helps keep me motivated and gives me drive during the times in my life when I want to take shortcuts. It also helps me educate others who may be looking for eco-friendly alternatives and want to make their own natural cleaning products. 

Vinegar can be used as a disinfectant and as a general cleaner. It kills odors, fungus, and breaks down grease. Some of the Pathogens vinegar can kill are nasty buggers such as E.coli, Salmonella, and Listeria monocytogenes. 

Salt kills bacteria and is a wonderful ingredient to clean baked on foods or tough stains. 

Lemon Juice and/or Citrus Essential Oils are antimicrobials and growth inhibitors to some bacteria. 

Herbs and Essential Oils are known to have antimicrobial, antibacterial, antifungal, antiviral, and medicinal properties. When combined with vinegar, alcohol, or baking soda, they create a powerhouse natural cleaner. 

How do I make a natural all-purpose cleaner?

Truth be told, you don’t need ten different cleaners for your home. Your homemade natural kitchen cleaner will perform amazing in the kitchen and in the bathroom. Of course, don’t tell the commercial cleaner industry that – they want to keep selling you multiple products. 

One word of caution when using citrus oils…  Citrus oils can eat plastic, so you may want to use a glass spray bottle for long term storage of cleaners that contain citrus oils. I use a 16 oz glass spray bottle for all of my cleaners. 

In addition eating plastic over time, essential oils can remove varnish from wood. Be careful when using essential oils with wood surfaces. 

All Purpose Cleaner Spray Recipe

This is a great natural cleaner for stainless steel and countertops.

Ingredients

  • ¼ cup white vinegar
  • 2 cup water
  • 30 drops essential oil

Essential Oils To Try:

  • 15 drops each lavender & lemon
  • 10 drops each eucalyptus, peppermint, and wild orange

Directions

  1. Add all ingredients to a spray bottle. 
  2. Shake thoroughly before spraying.
  3. Spray on the surface, let stand for 5 mins
  4. Wipe clean with a microfiber cloth or old cotton t-shirt.

Note: If you're concerned about vinegar residue on stainless steel, follow up with a damp cloth wipe down, then buff dry.

Glass Cleaner

This works great as a natural window cleaner, or for mirrors and other glass.

Ingredients

  • 1/2 Cup White Distilled Vinegar
  • Distilled Water
  • 1/2 Cup Rubbing Alcohol
  • 4 Drops Essential of lavender essential oil and 4 Drops of Eucalyptus essential oil

Directions

  1. Pour ingredients into a spray bottle. 
  2. Shake to blend. 
  3. Apply to the surface and wipe clean with a microfiber cloth or old cotton t-shirt.

Floor Cleaner

Ingredients

Directions

  1. Combine all the ingredients in a large bucket. 
  2. Use a mop or rag to clean the floor. 
  3. Rinsing optional.

Toilet Bowl Cleaner

Here are three natural cleaner options for the toilet bowl. One is for general cleaning, one for stubborn stains, and one for hard water buildup.

Ingredients

  • 1 ½ C white vinegar in a spray bottle
  • 1 C baking soda
  • ¼ C Salt (optional)
  • 10 drops melaleuca (tea tree) essential oil

Directions

  1. Mix baking soda and salt together. 
  2. Add the oils to the vinegar. 
  3. Spray the inside of the toilet bowl with the vinegar mixture
  4. Sprinkle on the powder mixture. It should be fizzy; if it is not, spray a bit more vinegar. 
  5. Let the cleanser sit for 10-15 minutes before scrubbing with a brush. 
  6. Scrub with toilet brush
  7. Flush the toilet and wipe the seat dry. 

Overnight toilet cleaner: Sprinkle a cup or borax around the inside of the toilet. Spritz with vinegar and let rest overnight. Scrub with a toilet brush and flush.

For really tough toilet rings, try drywall sanding sheets. They buff off hard water rings so well your toilet may look like new.

Tile, Grout, and Tub Natural Cleaner

This natural cleaner is great for removing soap scum and mildew in the tub or shower.

Ingredients

Directions

  1. Mix all the ingredients together. You can add more water depending on how thin or thick you want the mixture to be
  2. Paint the mixture on your tile grout with a foam craft brush (or your hand if you want to).
  3. Let sit for 15 – 20 minutes. 
  4. Get it wet with a spray bottle, 
  5. Scrub with a scouring pad or stiff brush. 
  6. Wipe clean with a damp cloth.
  7. Buff dry shower floor with dry towel. 
lemons and baking soda

Microwave Cleaner

We don't have a microwave at our off grid cabin, but for those who do, this tip is for you – use steam.

Combine 1/2 cup lemon juice with one cup water in a microwave safe glass container. Place the container in the microwave and cook until it gets nice and steamy. Let sit until cooled, and then wipe down the inside of the microwave.

The steam helps to loosen the gook, and the citrus does double duty to fight bacteria and remove odors. You can use your no sew kitchen scrubbies made from produce bags to scrub off stuck food.

Garbage Disposal Cleaner

A garbage disposal is another thing we don't have in our kitchen, but they can be a major source of kitchen odors.

For a simple garbage disposal cleaner, run some citrus peels through the disposal with plenty of cold water. Contrary to some claims, ice cubes do not sharpen your disposal blades, but they can help clear stuck on debris.

If you don't have citrus peels, you can make ice cubes with lemon juice or vinegar and run them through the disposal to clean and freshen.

Carpet Freshener

Ingredients

  • 1-2 C baking soda (depending on the area you’ll be sprinkling it on)
  • 15-30 drops essential oil

Directions

  1. Mix in a container with a sprinkle top or one you can make holes in to create your own sprinkle top. We like to use old clean Parmesan cheese jars. 
  2. Sprinkle on the carpet. 
  3. Let sit on the carpet overnight 
  4. Vacuum as usual.

Essential Oils To Try:

  • Lemon
  • Peppermint
  • Lavender
  • Orange
natural cleaners
It's easy to make our own natural cleaners with these simple ingredients.

More Ideas for Cleaning Naturally

Be sure to visit the Green Home page for a full list of our eco friendly home tips, cleaning ideas, and safe pest deterrents, including:

Natural Stove Cleaners, Plus Tips for Removing Baked on Grime

Best Odor Eliminators for the Refrigerator, Freezer, Carpets, and More

6 Ways to Get the Musty Smell Out of Clothes and Towels

How to Remove Hard Water Buildup from Faucets and Showerheads

How to Get Rid of Fleas (Non-Toxic, Pet Safe Options)

Resources: 

Amber Bradshaw

This post is by Amber Bradshaw of My Homestead Life. Amber and her family live off grid on forty-six acres in the Smoky Mountains in East Tennessee.

Originally published in 2013, last updated in 2021.

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19 Comments

  1. I enjoy reading your posts and am just getting started in trying to switch over to all organic. My husband is dragging his feet though I hope to get him to come around soon.
    Thank you for all the hard work you do to help everyone that wants it to live a better life.

    1. Thank you, Katherine. Small changes add up over time, so don’t fret if your husband isn’t on board right away. I was just thinking this past week how much I’ve changed my cooking and cleaning habits from when we were first married. It’s like night and day. 🙂

    2. I do one thing at a time. When my family gets used to that one change, I make another. They don’t realize how many changes have taken place over time!

  2. For air freshener, dissolve baking soda in water, then add your essential oils. The baking soda will help neutralize odors in the air/furniture/etc. Be sure to shake well each time you spray.

      1. If you dissolve the oils in alcohol ( rubbing alcohol or vodka) rather than water you will get a better, longer lasting smell!

          1. This article http://voices.yahoo.com/how-natural-air-freshener-room-spray-3397718.html suggests:

            “Pour some alcohol or vodka into the spray bottle – about one to two tablespoons. Then put your essential oil or fragrance oil drops in. You can experiment with how strong you want it to smell. I usually put 25 – 35 drops. Put the lid on, and shake it up for a few seconds for the oil to dissolve. Then, fill it all the way up with water.

            You now have your own all purpose room spray and air freshener.”

            They use rubbing alcohol for a room freshener, vodka anything that might be in contact with the skin.

  3. For an all-purpose cleaner, some recipes call for 1 part vinegar to 1 part water. However, your recipe calls for 1 part vinegar to 8 parts water. Why is there such a discrepancy to ratios?

    Also, what is the purpose for essential oil? Is it simply to make the cleaner smell nice or does it have cleaning benefits?

    In addition, what is the benefit to baking soda and why is it included in some recipes and not others?

    1. The recipes are different because people are different and have different preferences. A 1:1 water:vinegar ratio is pretty strong smelling, but you can certainly use more vinegar if that’s your preference.

      The essential oils add a pleasant scent, but they are also antimicrobial and can help break down stains and scuff marks.

      Baking soda acts as a gentle abrasive, which may or may not be desirable, depending on the cleaning job.

  4. I did not know that about citrus oils. I have lots of spray bottles but they are all plastic. The only glass ones I have are small – 1-2 ounces. I will have to find a source for larger ones.
    What I like best about blogs like yours is all the extra information that comes in the comment section.

    1. The oils won’t eat through immediately, but over time they will make the bottle more brittle and prone to breakage. If you mix up smaller batches and use them relatively quickly, you should be fine.

  5. I have heard of using natural cleaners before,but never thought of making it on my own.This post gave me good home made idea.Thanks a lot for this information.

  6. I tried the Tile, Grout, and Tub Cleanser…I guess it’s meant for grout in the tub area, as it’s easier to rinse. I used it on my bathroom floor and it took me forever to get rid of the ‘suds’. I like this but would use half the soap at most next time!

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